What is OxyContin Used to Treat?
Oxycontin Addiction Statistics
Narcotic painkiller addiction is a common problem throughout the world. This substance is highly addictive and can grab a person’s attention with the first prescription. Doctors should prescribe this product only when it is completely necessary. The following are some statistics on the growing problems related to OxyContin:
- More than 2 million US citizens use OxyContin.
- OxyContin addiction and abuse costs the United States almost $500 billion dollars per year.
- More than 120 deaths have occurred from OxyContin use worldwide.
- Hundreds of thousands of emergency room visits are due to OxyContin abuse
What Does OxyContin Look Like?
The visual element of an OxyContin pill depends greatly upon the dosage. A 10 milligram form of the pill appears as a round white tablet with the number 10 imprinted on one side and an “OP” printed on the other side. A 15-milligram tablet is gray in color, round, and it has an “OP” printed on one side and the number 15 on the other side. The 20-milligram version of OxyContin is a pink rounded pill that follows the same suit as the previously mentioned versions. The 30-milligram pill is brown, whereas the 40-milligram pill is yellow. The highest pill is the 80-milligram tablet. The 80-milligram OxyContin is round like all the others.
Street Names for OxyContin
People who use and sell OxyContin on the streets have a wide variety of names for the pills. The simplest street name for this product is OCs, which is an abbreviation for OxyContin. Some users refer to the drug as hillbilly, cotton, heroin and kicker. Additionally, some people refer to OxyContin simply as “Oxy”. The street names describe its effects and the way it makes people who use it feel.
How Doctors Prescribe OxyContin
Doctors will prescribe OxyContin according to the patient’s level of pain, weight and medical history. A person who weighs a tad more than 100 pounds would most likely receive the lowest dosage, which is 10 milligrams. The client is to take each pill in its whole form and not crush or chew the tablet. The time that a person can take another pill depends on the type of pill. Extended release versions of OxyContin can last all day long. A client may be able to take a regular release OxyContin pill once every 4-6 hours.
The Risks of Taking OxyContin
As with any drug, some risks exist with taking OxyContin. Before a doctor and a client decide to use this drug, the physician should review the person’s complete medical history. The biggest risk with OxyContin use is complete respiratory depression. The other risk is addiction. Therefore, the doctor should ask the client questions about his or her mental health history as well as the physical history. People who have mental illnesses, previous substance abuse issues, asthma, kidney disease, epilepsy, gall bladder disease, low blood pressure and enlarged prostates have the highest risk of developing further issues.
How OxyContin Affects the Mind and Body
OxyContin affects the mind and body in three ways. First, it causes the person to experience a state of euphoria because of the increase in endorphins. Next, it blocks the transmission of pain, causing the user to feel no pain no matter how severe his or her condition. Lastly, OxyContin slows down the person’s nervous system, which causes him or her to feel drowsy. Sometimes the individual will fall asleep while he or she is attempting to perform everyday tasks. Some people refer to this action as “nodding out”.
Short-Term and Long-Term Effects of OxyContin
OxyContin has some uncomfortable short-term and long-term effects, as well as certain side effects. One of the most prevalent complaints from people who use the substance is constipation. Some other effects that may come from OxyContin use are shallow breathing, nausea, vomiting, rashes, itching and throat swelling.
Long-term effects of OxyContin include chemical tolerance and dependence. Users can develop a physical need for the substance very quickly, and they may need greater amounts of it to feel its effects. Additionally, the individual can develop respiratory distress. The person may feel lightheaded, dizzy, confused, weak, and he or she may have a slow heartbeat. Overdose symptoms include cardiac arrest and ceased breathing.
Getting Help for OxyContin Addiction
Any person who believes that he or she has a problem with OxyContin should contact a specialized rehabilitation facility for help. This person will have to go through an extensive process that involves detoxification, group counseling and individual therapy. Rehabilitation centers are available to help an OxyContin victim without judging that person. They have open arms and hearts when dealing with this epidemic. No one should feel ashamed to ask for help with the problem.