Inpatient drug rehabilitation, also referred to as rehab or drug rehab, is a term that stands for the medical and/or psychiatric treatment of substance dependence. In most cases, patients are dependent on disparate types of psychoactive, or mood-altering, drugs such as prescription drugs, alcohol, crack/cocaine, methamphetamine, and heroin.
Because most drug addicts have a tough time adjusting to the particular norms of a family and society, they suffer from a number of physical, psychological and legal problems throughout their lives. This can lead to complete isolation and detachment from the outside world, which can subserve an exacerbation of the original problems.
The main goal of rehabilitation is to remodel the individual as a well adjusted and balanced member of society. By teaching the patient to find peace in themselves and their environment, it is possible to change their underlying perspective on the world.
Moreover, inpatient treatment facilities will include medical treatments for any psychological disorder that may accompany a patient’s addiction; individual and group counseling by experts in the field of addiction treatment; and other addicts coming together to share their experiences for everyone to learn from. Finally, some treatments include holistic approaches that involve yoga, meditation and spiritual wisdom.
The reason that most people find themselves in an inpatient drug rehab program is because of substance dependence. Otherwise known as drug addiction, substance dependence is characterized by a compulsive behavior to seek out, obtain and use drugs in order to maintain normal functionality. Substance dependence is also characterized by two phenomenon: tolerance and withdrawal.
Tolerance refers to the bodies adaptation to a particular drug, so it takes a higher dose of the drug to achieve the original effects. The more an addict uses a drug, the higher his tolerance becomes and the more of the drug that is needed to feel normal or high. Withdrawal is a phenomenon that occurs when a dependent individual quits or reduces the amount of the drug they take regularly. Withdrawal is usually indicated by several flu-like symptoms, although the symptoms are primarily dependent on the type of drug that the user is quitting.
Another term that is associated with substance dependence is the term “physical dependence” or “physiological dependence”, which can be distinguished from the phenomenon of psychological dependence. Physical dependence refers to a state of being that is marked by withdrawal symptoms, if the drug use is reduced or ceases altogether. On the other hand, psychological dependence is related to certain behaviors, states of mind, habits, environments and people having an effect on the overall drug use of an addicted individual.
The History of Drug Rehabilitation
One of the first approaches to treating substance abuse was devised by the famous psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Hence, his approach was deeply psychoanalytical in nature. This means that treating addiction was contingent on realizing that its underlying cause is an unconscious desire to involve oneself in perverse and homosexual fantasies. Such theories were highly difficult to substantiate with experimentation, so new forms of treatment were devised.
Decades later, Carl Rogers came up with a client-centered approach to treating addiction that emphasized accurate empathy, unconditional positive regard and genuineness. Carl believed that involving these three items into a therapeutic relationship could help the patient overcome any psychopathological ailment.
In the ’80s, more treatment approaches began to involve cognitive models devised by cognitive psychologist. These approaches dealt with uncovering sets of beliefs that may lead an addicted individual to relapse. The idea is that by understanding what leads to the thought of using, patients can initiate certain coping mechanisms that prevent themselves from following through with their thoughts.
More recently, inpatient drug rehabilitation programs have ascribed to the disease model of addiction. This view purports that addiction is the result of genetic predispositions and certain environmental contingencies that make it more likely that an individual becomes dependent on a substance. Thus, addicts have no power or control over their addiction alone, so they must turn to others to help them through the process of recovery.
Furthermore, in order for patients to recover from their addiction they must renounce their former lifestyle, admit that they have an addiction, and seek help from a supportive network of individuals who can help them remain sober. Abiding by all of these philosophies can predict the success rate of a recovering addict after a year since the beginning of the recovery process.
Although the approach may not work for everyone, it is still the most effective approach in treating substance dependence. Along with education pertaining to the disease model of addiction, inpatient treatment centers will offer therapy sessions, relaxing activities and education on many forms of dealing with addiction. The first step to recovery is being admitted into an inpatient program, so it is well-advised to begin inpatient treatment today.